Category Archives: Fast and Festivals

Maa Kalaratri – Kalratri Puja Vidhi – Ashwin Shukla Saptmi Pooja

Devi Kalratri is the seventh manifestation of goddess Durga. She is worshipped on the seventh day of Navratri. This is the most fierect form of goddess Durga. The complexion of Maa Kalaratri is like a dark night, she has a bountiful hair and her necklace is shining like thunder. She has three eyes which emanate rays like lightning. Flames appear through her nostrils when she inhales or exhales air. This form of Goddess is believed to be the destroyer of all demonic entities.

She is also known as Shubhankari as she always give auspicious results to her devotees. Yogis & sadhaks enters into the Shahstra Chakra on this day

“Kalratrimahoharatrishrach Darunna Twam shristwamishravi Twam Hristavam Budhibrodhlakhana”

Lord Brahma chanted this mantra to worship the goddess to protect his life from the demon named MadhuKaitab and to wake up Lord Vishnu from the sleep.

The complexion of Devi Kalratri is as black as a dark night. She has a protruded eyes through which the goddess have a vision of grace on her devotees. Her right upper arm signifies protection and lower arm signifies her giving character.

She holds a cleaver and a torch in her left two hands. Her hair always open and waves in the air. Goddess Kalratri is seated on a donkey. This manifestation of the goddess is very auspicious and is also known as Shubhkari.

Saptmi Kaalratri pooja Vidhi

This form of the goddess Durga provides accomplishments and success. Seventh day of Durga Puja is most important day for Tantriks to perform their rituals. They worship goddess Kalratri after the midnight with tantrik rituals. On this day, the eyes of the goddess are opened and the vilva which is invited on the sixth day of the navratra is included into the puja. Worshipers on this day door open of every siddhi in universe. The devotees collect at the temple and worship her with full dedication and devotion.

The puja on the seventh day is performed like any other day of Navratra in the morning. But, special offerings and rituals are performed to worship the goddess at midnight of the Saptami. Various kinds of tantrik rituals are performed on this day, so alcohol is also offerd to the goddess. This is the night of Siddh Yogis & sadhaks which practice penance on Shashastra Chakra on this day.

According to the rituals mentioned in the scriptures, first of all the Kalasha is worshipped along with all the planets and family members of the goddess. After that one should worship the goddess Kalratri by chanting, “Devya Yaya Tatmind Jagdatmashakta, Nisheshdevganshaktisamuhmurtya, Tambikamkhiledvahamarishipujya, Bhakta Natah Sma Vidadhatu Shubhani Sa nam”. Lord Shiva and Brahma are also worshipped after worshipping the goddess.

Kalratri Mantra

1- Ya devi Sarvabhuteshu Maa Kalratri Rupenu Sansthitan |
Namastaseya Namastaseya Namastaseya Namo Namah ||

2- Ek Vaidhi Japakrinpura Nagna Kharasthita |
Lamboshti Karnikakani Tailabhayashareerini ||

3-Vampadolallsallohaltaknatak Bhushana ||
Vardhanmudhardhawaja Krishna Kalratribhayankari ||

 Kalratri  Meditation

Karalvandana Dhora Muktakeshi Chaturbhurjam |
Kalratri Karalinka Divya Vidhutmala Vibhushittam ||

Divya Lauhvarja Khadag Vamoghyodharrva Karambujjaam |
Abhay Varda Chaiva Dakshinodhwagh Parnikam Mam ||

Mahamegh Prabha Shyama Taksha Chaiva Gardhabharidha |
Ghorndhash Karamalsya Pinonnant Payodharam ||

Sukh Paprasann Vandana Smeranann Saroruham |
Avaim Sachichayanteyan Kalratri Sarvakam Samridhidaam ||

Kalratri Strota

Hin Kalratri Shri Karali Cha Kali Kalyani Kalvati |
Kalmata Kalidapradhwani Kamdish Kripavanti ||

Kambeejajapanda kambeejswaroopini |
Krimtidhwani Kulintrinashini Kul Kamini ||

Kali Hi Shri Mantravarnen Kalkanttakdhyatini |
Kripamayi Kripadhara Kripapapa Kripagama ||

Kalratri  Kawach

Om Kali Me Hridhya Patu Padau Shrikalratri |
Lalate Me Hridhya Patu Padau Shrikaltri ||

Rasna Patu Kaimari, Bhairvi Chakshubharma |
Katou Prishthe Maheshani, Karnoshankarbhamini ||

Varjitani Tu Sthanabhi Yani Cha Kavach hi |
Tani Sarvani Me Devisatatanpatu Stambhini ||

Significane of Kalratri

The goddess created the three forms before the creation of universe at the time when Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesha appeared. Kalratri is also known by the names of Mahamaya, Mahamari, Mahakali, Shudha, Trisha, Nidra, Trishna, Ekveera and Durtyayaa.

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Ganga Jayanti – Ganga Saptami

Ganga Jayanti is an important Hindu festival. Ganga ji is believed to be originated on the day of Vaishakh Shukla Saptami and hence, Ganga Jayanti is celebrated on the same day. Taking bath in river Ganga on this day is considered to be holy and sacred. Vaishakh Shukla Saptami is celebrated with a lot of zeal and excitement in the whole country. It is believed that Ganga ji came to earth on this day. Ganga’s birth story has been explained in Skanda Purana, Valmiki Ramayana etc.

River Ganga is considered as a devi in Hindu religion. Many different pilgrimages are situated on the banks of river Ganga. River Ganga is considered to be the most sacred and holy of all rivers in India. It is believed that taking a bath in river Ganga relieves a person from all sins. Many people wish for a cremation near river Ganga as they consider it to be a path of salvation. Devotees also perform other religious activities on the banks of river Ganga.

Ganga ji is considered to be very holy and sacred. Ganga jal is considered equivalent to Amrit. Many festivals have also been related to Ganga ji. Donations, charities, prayers etc. are offered to Ganga ji on the occasion of Makar Sankranti, Kumbha and Ganga Dushera. Many fairs are also organized near river Ganga. River Ganga establishes a sense of unity and dharma in the whole country. Many texts have been written about Ganga ji out of which Sri Ganga Sahasranam Strotram and Ganga Aarti have been famous.

Legend of Ganga Birth

Ganga ji is the centre of attraction for devotion and dedication. Many texts have been written about Ganga ji describing her importance and magnificence. Many legends are famous about Ganga ji. According to one such legend, Ganga ji originated from the sweat of Lord Vishnu’s feet. It is also said that Ganga ji originated from Lord Brahma’s kamandal.

According to one more legend, it is said that when Lord Vishnu killed Bali in Vaman incarnation, Lord Brahma cleaned Lord Vishnu’s feet and kept the water in his kamandal. According to another legend, Lord Shiva sang a song for Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Narad Muni. Lord Vishnu started sweating and Lord Brahma kept this sweat in his kamandal. It is said that Ganga ji originated from this kamandal.

Significance Ganga Jayanti

According to Shastras, Ganga ji reached Lord Shiva’s hair from Swarg lok on the day of Vaishakh Shukla Paksha Saptami. Hence, this day is celebrated as Ganga Jayanti and Ganga Saptami. The day on which Ganga ji originated is known as Ganga Jayanti. In the same way, the day on which Ganga ji reached the earth is known as Ganga Dushera. Ganga ji is worshipped on this day. Taking baths in river Ganga and worshipping Ganga ji relieves a person from all sins and provides him with fame, happiness and salvation. It is believed that people influenced by Mangal receives benefits by worshipping Ganga ji on this day.

According to Puranas, Ganga ji originated from Lord Vishnu’s thumb to bless the ashes of King Sagar’s 60000 sons who were turned to ashes by Kapil Muni’s curse. King Sagar’s successor, Bhagirath, offered prayers to Ganga ji and brought her to this earth. Hence, Ganga ji is also known as Bhagirathi.

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Narak Chaturdashi – Story of Narak Chaturdashi

Krishna Paksha Chaturdashi of  the month of Kartik is known as Narak Chaturdashi. Narak Chaturdashi is also known as Narak Chaudas, Roop Chaudas, Roop Chaturdashi, Narak Chaturdashi or Naraka Pooja. It is believed that the god of death, Yamraj is worshipped on this day.

Narak Chaturdashi is also known as Chotti Deepawali. It is celebrated a day before Deepawali by lightning a candle in the evening. Lord Yamraj is worshipped on this day to get freedom from death and attain good health. There are many mythological stories and scriptures explaining the importance of lightning the candle and worshipping Lord Yamraj on this day.

Naraka Chaturdashi Story

According to an ancient tale, a king named Ranti Deva was a religious and wise man. He was highly involved in religious works and service of mankind. At the time of his death messengers of Yamraj came to take his soul. The moment messengers stepped towards the king, he asked them that, “despite of not doing any evil deed throughout my life, why you all have come to take me to hell. Please tell me my sin due to which i am being taken to hell.” Hearing the compassionate voice of the King, the messengers told him, “once you let one priest go back hungry from your door, due to which you got hell.

On listening their reason, King asked them to grant him a year time. The messengers gave it a thought and increased his life for another 1 year. On the departure of the messengers the king visits the saints and tells them the entire story.

The saints tell the king to observe the fast on the Kartik Krishna Paksha Chaturdashi, feed the priests and apologise them for your mistake. This will give you relief from your sins. As per the rituals told by the priests he observed the fast and got relief from his sin. Since then this fast is observed on Kartik Chaturdashi to get freedom from going to hell.

According to another tale, Lord Krishna killed the demon, Narkasura on the Kartik Chaturdashi of Krishna Paksha and protected the gods and the saints from his wrath. He also freed 16000 girls from his captive home. People lighted the kingdom with lamps to celebrate the victory. Since that day Narak Chaturthi is celebrated in India.

Roop Chaturdashi

Narak Chaturthi is also very well known as Roop Chaturthi. Lord Krishna is worshipped on this day to get beautiful looks. According to an ancient tale, there was a man named Yogiraj  in Hirnagarbha Kingdom. Once he attempted to hold his own grave to please god and suffered a lot during his penance. He got bugs on his body and lice into his hair and eyebrows.

Seeing the adverse condition of his body he became sad. After a while Lord Narad visited him and asked Yogiraj the reason of his sadness. On which Yogiraj tells him, “I observed penance to please the god, but had to go through lot of sufferings. Why did it happen?” Listening to his sad voice, Lord Narad tell him that, “ you adopted the right path, but forgot to follow the body ethics, due to which you had to go through these problems.

Listening to Lord Narad, Yogiraj asks him the ethics of body. On which he replies, “that first of all observe fast on Kartik Krishna Paksha Chaturthi and worship the god to get a healthy and beautiful body. Then only you will be able to follow the body ethics told by me”. Yogiraj observed the fast as told by Lord Narad and gained back his health and beauty. Since then this day is knows as Roop Chaturdashi.

Naraka Chaturdashi Pooja

On the day of Narak Chaturdashi the observer should apply a paste made with wheat flour, oil and turmeric powder on his body and take a bath by sprinkling water with rough leaves. A special puja is performed on this day as per the ritual. First of all light a lamp of four mouth along with sixteen small diyas and worship the god with roli, kheer, jaggery, abeer, colours and flower. After that worship your work place and keep the diyas in different corners of the house. Then worship Lord Yamraj in the evening by lightning a lamp with proper rituals to get salvation.

Phalgun Purnima – Phalgun Purnima Festival – Importance of Phalguna Month

Phalgun Month is the last month i.e the 12th month of the year according to Hindu Panchang. It is also known as the month of Vasant Kritu. During this month the weather is neither too cold nor too hot. Several important festivals are celebrated in this month like Holi which lies on Phalgun Purnima every year.

Holi and Vasant Panchmi are celebrated on Phalgun Purnima with full zeal and enthusiasm. The new change in nature can be seen commencing from Vasant Panchami till Phalgun Purnima. The seasons of festivals begins from Vasant and extends till Chaitra Krishna Rangpanchmi.

Faalgun Purnima Pooja

Lord Satyanarayan is worshipped during the auspicious day of Phalgun Purnima. Banana leaves, fruits, panchamrit, nuts, paan, til, moli, roli, kumkum are used to worship Narayanji. Panchamrit is made by mixing milk, honey, banana, ganga water, tulsi leaves, dry fruits in a small round metal pot, Churma made with wheat flour and sugar is also offered to the god as a prasad (bhog).

Lord Satyanarayan is worshipped after katha along with Devi Lakshmi and other deities. Once the prayer ends churma is distributed to everyone around. One should worship Lord Vishnu after taking bath in any holy river, lake, well or at home early in the morning of Phalgun Purnima. The one who donates, take bath in the holy river, offers food to the Brahmin on Phalgun Purnima is blessed with wealth, prosperity, happiness and offspring.

Phalgun Month

Phalgun month gives the message of restraining the ambitiousness along with adopting the peace and happiness. There is an ancient story related to this month, according to which Lord Kamdeva attempts to break the meditation of Lord Shiva. On which Shiva getst furious and incinerates Kamdeva into ashes.

But due to this event the cycle of love (Srijan chakra) stops. Kamdeva’s wife Rati, pleads Lord Shiva to resuscitate him. Lord Shiva agrees to let Kamdeva live. As a result the nature again gets filled with the colour of love and compassion.

Hoili is celebrated during this time of the year. Colours, enthusiasm and fun involved in celebrating Holi festival fills the nature and our lives with immense happiness and peace. The festive season of Phalgun makes it different from other months of the year.

Phalgun Month gives us the message that the way trees shed their old, damaged leaves and grows new branches with fresh leaves, in the same way one should wave off all the bad thoughts and adopt new ones in life and perform good deeds. Thus, this month directs a person towards positive thinking in life.

Significance of Phalgun Purnima

Bathing in holy water and making charity are significant practise on Phalgun Purnima. especially if it is Phalguni Nakshatra. Onset of Phalguni Nakshatra on Phalguni Purnima is considered to be highly prosperous and brings good luck. One should worship Chandra Dev (Lord of Moon) on this day in the evening. If Shravan nakshatra is present on twelfth day of the month then it is known as Shravan Dwadashi which is considered auspicious for observing fasts dedicated to Lord Vishnu to attain saintly.


Holi is celebrated on the last full moon day of the lunar month Phalgun Purnima. Holi is a festival of colours and traditionally it involves two days of celebration. On the first day of Holi, Holika is combusted in a bonfire. After doing holika dalhan we pray to it and offer prasad and on the second day it is celebrated with colours. Holi is also known as Dhuli Vandana, Dhulheti, Dhulandi or Dhulendi. People throw colours on each other and beat drums with full zeal and enthusiasm.

Holi corresponds unity. People celebrate this festival forgetting all kinds of discrimination based on gender, caste, religion etc. In South India Uttir is celebrated on the same day i.e Phalgun Purnima. Other than these festivals Dolautsavam is celebrated in Bengal in which their god Thakurji is kept on a cradle decorated with flowers and are swung on it.

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Tirupati Temple – Tirupati Balaji Temple – Tirupati Balaji Temple Andhra Pradesh

India may be called the ocean of temples; counting all the small and big temples, the number may be in millions. The grandest of all is the Tirupati temple in Chittur district of Andhra Pradesh. Countless number of devotees visit this temple every year. In-fact this temple receives the largest number of devotees every year as compared to the other temples and is said to be the richest holy place in the world. This temple is a live example of south Indian arts and architects. There is a belief that Tirupati temple is originated from Vaishnav community. The followers of this community spreads the message of equality and love. All the devotees visiting Tirupati gets blessed by Lord Tirupati. Tirupati is also known by the name of Venkateshwar, Shriniwas and Prabhu Balaji. He is the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The followers of Hindu religion consider Tirupati visit an important part of their life.

Tirupati Temple Historical Significance

There is much debate about the history of Tirupati but one thing that all the historians believes in is that this temple was constructed centuries back and by 5th century it got established as a religious place. Tirupati is called Trivengadum in Sangam Sahitya of Tamil Literature. It is said that in ancient times the kings of Cholas, Hoysaal and Vijaynagar helped economically to build the temple.

Many historians also believes Tirupati temple to be of 9th century when Kanchipuram rulers Pallava subordinated this place.  After 15th century, during the reign of Vijaynagar dynasty, the temple started gaining popularity. During British imperialism, the management works were seen by the Mahant of Hatiramji Math from the year 1843 to 1933. After 1933, the management works were taken over by the Madras government. The government made a management committee and named it Tirumala-Tirupati.

After the formation of Andhra Pradesh state, Tirumala-Tirupati was reorganised and an administrative officer was appointed as a representative of Andhra Pradesh government.

Tirumala Hills

Tirupati temple is situated on Tirupati hills which is about 3200 feet high from sea-level. This temple is also called Venkateshwar temple and temple of God Srinavas. Tirumala hill is one among the seven hills. The rest of the hills looks like the hoods of Seshnag and is called Saptagiri. These seven hills are also called Seshachalam and Venkatachalam. Tirumala hills are considered the second most ancient hills of the world.

The temple is located on the seventh hill of Saptagiri. This hill is famous by the name of Venkatadri. According to ancient stories, God Vshnu resided for some time near Pushkar pound. This pound is located near Tirumala hills.

According to an another belief, Sage Ramanuj climbed upon the Tirumala hill in 11th century. God Venkateshwar appeared infront of the sage and blessed him. He lived for 120 years and till then he went all around and tried to popularise Lord Venkatesh.

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Diwali Puja – Kartik Month Festivals – Deepavali Festival in India

Diwali is celebrated every year on the Amawasya in the Kartik month. This is one of the most important festivals for Hindus. Every place is decorated with lights on this day. In earlier times, this festival was considered to be very important for Vaishyas. Businessmen start new accounts on this day. A business can not flourish without money. Hence, businessmen worship Goddess Lakshmi on this day.

People start decorating their houses since the morning on this day. Lamps are lit in the evening. Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha are worshipped. Sweets and gifts are distributed among neighbours and acquaintances. These gifts are sweets are distributed among relatives for many days even before Diwali. People play with fire crackers at night.

Dhan Teras | Dhan Trayodashi

The festival of Diwali is celebrated for five days. Preparations for this festival begin a few days prior to the commencement of the festival. Houses are renovated, cleaned and painted before Diwali. Dhan Teras or Dhan Trayodashi is celebrated two days before Diwali. There is a tradition of buying new utensils on this day. Gold and silver ornaments are also bought on this day. People buy different things according to their needs and requirements. A big lamp is lit in front of the main door during the evening.

Narak Chaturdashi

Narak Chaturdashi is celebrated one day prior to the festival of Diwali. This day is also known as Narak Chaudas. It is believed that Lord Krishna killed Narakasur on this day. Hence, this day is known as Narak Chaudas. Prayers are offered in the evening and lamps are lit on this day.


This is the most important day of this festival. Since the morning, people wish each other and various activities can be seen being performed in the house. The houses are decorated. Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are worshipped in the evening. Lamps, sweets, flowers etc. are used during the prayers. Sweets are eaten after offering the prayers. Firecrackers are also burnt after offering these prayers.

Annakut | Govardhan Puja | Vishwakarma day

Annakut is celebrated on the next day of Diwali. On this day, people in the temples use many vegetables to make a single vegetable which is known as Annakut. This Annakut is then distributed among the devotees. A huge crowd can be seen in the temples on this day. Curry, rice and puri are also cooked on this day.

Govardhan puja also takes place on the same day. It is done during the night. A replica of Govardhan is made out of cow dung and is worshipped. All the family members should then do a revolution of this replica.

Vishwakarma day is also celebrated on the same day. Labourers worship their tools on this day. Factories etc. are usually closed on this day.

Bhaiya Duj

The festival of Diwali ends on the day of Bhaiya duj or Yam dwitiya. This festival is celebrated on the second day of Kartik Shukla Paksha. On this day, sisters put a tilak on their brothers’ foreheads and offer sweets. In return, brothers give some gifts to their sisters.

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Kamika Ekadashi Fast – Shravan Krishna Paksha Ekadasi – importance of kamika ekadasi

kamika_ekadashiKamika Ekadashi is celebrated on Ekadashi of Krishna Paksha, Savan Masa. Lord Krishna is worshipped on this Ekadashi. The fruits of this Ekadasi is equal to fruits of bathing at spiritual places like Kashi, etc. To observe this fast, person should wake up early in the morning and after completing routine work like bathing etc., Lord Vishnu should given offering. After Aachman (sip) of water, Aarti is performed with incense sticks, lams, sandalwood etc.

Kamika Ekadashi Fast Importance

Worshipping of Lord Hari on the day of Kamika Ekadashi, sins of a person’s ancestors are also removed. People observing this fast emerge out of this world of sin and march towards salvation. It is believed, the person who worships Lord Sridhar in Shravan month, he automatically worships the snakes and Gandharvs. Lord Vishnu on being worshipped with Lalmani pearl, grass coral is not that much satisfied, as on being worshipped with basil leaves. Person who worship Lord Keshav with leaves of Basil, gets rid of all sins of his life.

Ekadashi of Krishna Paksha, Shravan month is called Kamika Ekadashi. Just hearing the fast story gives fruits as of performing a Yagya. Lord Vishnu having shell, Chakra and Gadha is worshipped in the Kamika Ekadashi. Person who worships Lord Vishnu with incense sticks, Navedy, lamp etc,. gets fruit more than that achieved by bathing in Ganga.

How to observe Kamika Ekadashi Fast

Fast of Ekadashi is considered to start from Dashmi Tihti (a day before Ekadashi) only. The Vrat of Ekadashi is considered to be best if its rules are followed from Dashmi . Person should have positive behaviour on Dashmi. He should speak truth and soft. He should not say any such thing which may hurt anyone.

The time span of this fast is long, so the person observing this fast should have firm resolution. Once started, the fast should not be felt in the middle. In the dinner of Dashmi, food like meat, barley, honey etc, should not be eaten. Meal should not be taken two times. The rules of fast are applied from Dashmi only, so no salt should be taken in food. After having meal, person  should sleep on earth. And should follow Bharmacharya.

Person observing the fast should wake up early in the morning , on the day of Ekadashi. He should complete his routine work and should take bath with mud, Til and Kush. This bathing is very fruitful if done at a religious place. In case of special circumstance, one can have bath at home.

After bathing, clean clothes are wore. The, the resolution of fast is taken infront of Lord Vishnu. Now, Lord Vishnu is worshipped, in which an urn is placed. On the urn, idol of Lord Vishnu is placed. For the Puja, lamps, incense sticks and flowers are used.

Kamika Ekadashi Fast Story

In ancient time, there lived a Thakur. Grumpy Thakur had a fight with a Brahman. As a result, Brahmins refused to have food. Then Thakur asked a Muni – “O! God, how can my sins be removed.” On this request, Muni said him to observe the fast of Kamika Ekadashi. Thakur observed the fast. While he was sleeping near the idol of God, he saw a dream “Hey Thakur, your sins are removed. Now you can be free from the sin of Brahman Hatya by doing Tervi of Brahman.”

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Tuesday Fast Method – Tuesday Vrat Vidhi – Mangalwar Vrat

The fast of Tuesday is observed to increase honor, strength, courage and efforts. On keeping this fast, person’s happiness and wealth increases. This Vrat can also give place to a person in Government office. Tuesday fast is done for getting honour and child. Hearing the story of Tuesday fast fulfill favorable desires. Observing this fast removes all the sins.

Who should Observe Tuesday Fast

As per the astrology, Tuesday fast must be observed by those people who have Mars in the sin house or Mars is not able to give favorable effects on being weak. This fast is performed for the peace of Mars planet. People who have violent and fiery attitude should observe the Tuesday fast to cool down their anger. Boys can keep this fast for growing there intelligence and strength. This Vrat helps in making the business successful.

Significance of Tuesday Fasting

Every fast has different importance and results. Through fast, a person pleases his adored God and Goddess. In return he gets peace and happiness. This fast is observed for getting wealth, husband and relief from incurable disease. This fast helps to get liberation from the world of illusions.

A person should observe this fast, if Mars located in his birth Lagan has a weak positioning. Also people whose Kundali has Mahadasha of Mars, Pratayantar Dasha, or unwanted accidents in the transit period, should observe this fast for the auspicious effects of Mars. Hence, the fast of Tuesday is very favorable. Worshipping Lord Hanuman gives freedom from all kinds of sins like vocal or mental etc. And, the person achieve happiness, wealth and profit.

Method of Tuesday Fast

On the day of Tuesday fast, you should have pure thoughts. This fast is done for getting freedom from obstacles like ghost and sprites. On the day of fast, Vrat katha is must to be heard. This day, salt should not be used.

The fast of Tuesday is observed for Lord Mars and pleasing God Hanuman. This fast is kept continuously for 21 Tuesdays. This fast gets best results of the Mars planet. A person observing this fast should mentally prepare himself a day before only. He should wake up before sunrise, on the day of fast. In the early morning, he should complete his routine work and bathing etc. Then, sprinkle Ganga jal or holy water in the house to make it pure. On the day of fast, person should wear red color clothes.

In a peaceful corner of Ishan Kon (North-East direction) in the house, place an idol or picture of God Hanuman. At the place of Puja, a lamp of four wicks is lighted. And the resolution of the fast is taken. then, Lord Hanuman is worshipped with Lal Gandh, flower and Akshat, in a systematic manner.

While worshiping Lord Hanuman, taking the 21 names of God Mars is considered auspicious. The names are as follows:-

1. Mangal .2 Bhumipatr .3 Rinharta .4 Dhanprda .5 Sithrasan .6 Mahakaay .7 Sarvkamarthsadhak .8 Lohit .9 Lohitaj .10 Samgaankripakar .11 Dhratmaj .12 Kuj .13 Bhom .14 Bhumija .15 Bhuminanndan .16 Angarak .17 Yam .18 Sarvrogharak .19 Vrishatikrta .20 Paaphrta .21 Sab Kaam Fal Dat.

After this, Katha is read, Aarti is performed and Prasaad is distributed. After the Prasaad distribution, it’s eaten by the person observing fast.

Aarti of Lord Hanuman

Aarti Ki Jai Hanuman Lala Ki | Dushat Dalan Raghunath Kala Ki ||
Jake Bal Se Girivar Kaape | Rog- Dosh Jake Nikat Na Jhaankey ||
Anjani Putr Maha Baldayi | Santan K Prabhu Sada Sahayi ||
De Bira Raghunath Pathaye | Lanka Jari Siya Sudhi Laye ||
Lanka So Kot Samundra Si Khai | Jaat Pawansut Bar Na Layi ||
Lanka Jari Asur Sab Mare | Siyaram Ki K Kaaj Saware ||
Lankshaman Murchit Pade Sakare | Laaye SAnjivini Pran Ubare ||
Pethi Patal Tori Jamkare | Ahiravan Ki Bhuja Ukhare ||
Baayi Bhuja Asur Sanghare | Daayi Bhuja Sant Jan Tare ||
Sur Nar Muni Aarti Utare | Jaye Jaye Jaye Hanuman Uchare ||
Kanchan Thar Kapoor Loo Chayi | Aarti Kart Anjana Mayi ||
Jo Hanuman Ji Ki Aarti Gavey | Basi Baikunth Parmpad Pave ||
Lank Vidhvans Kiye Raghurayi | Tulsidas Prabhu Kirti Gayi ||

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Radha Ashtami – Radha Ashtami Festival

According to the Hindu calender, this fast is observed on Ashtmi of Shukla Paksha in the month of Bhadrapada every year. Radha Ashtmi is celebrated after 15 days of Sri Krishna Janmashtmi. Goddess Radha took birth at a place called Barsana in Uttar Pradesh. Barsana is situated 50 Kilometers away from Mathura and 21 Kilometers away from Govardhan. Barsana is situated at the slope of a mountain. The mountain on which it is situated is known as Brahma Parvat.

Devotees take a round of Gehvar forest which is situated on the mountain of Barsana. The day and night in Barsana are full of festivities on this day. Various cultural programmes are organized on this day. The celebration begins with devotional songs and hymns.

Birth of Goddess Radha

Goddess Radha was the daughter of Vrishbhanu. The name of her mother was Kirti. Her mother is known prominently as ‘Vrishbhanu Patni’ or wife of Vrishbhanu. Goddess Radha is considered the love-mate of lord Krishna. Some of the epics consider her his wife. Padma Purana says that goddess Radha was the daughter of king Vrishbhanu. According to this epic, the king got goddess Radha as the daughter of mother earth when the king was cleaning land for a Yajna. The king raised this girl as his own daughter.

Along with this, one legend says that when lord Vishnu was taking incarnation as Krishna, he asked the members of his family to take incarnation along with him on earth. Then, wife of lord Vishnu came on earth as Radha. According to Brahma Vaivrat Purana, goddess Radha was the companion of lord Krishna. But, she got married to a man whose name was Rapan or Rayan. It is said that she turned into a adult at the time of her birth.

Radhashtmi – Method of Worship

One should get up early in the morning and should wear clean clothes after morning ablutions. The fast should be observed with pure heart. Begin the worship of Radha by offering ‘Panchamrit’ to the statue of goddess Radha. Adorn her with jewels after giving her a bath of Panchamrit. Form a disc inside a ‘Mandapa’ or a place of worship after taking bath. Place a utensil of bronze in the centre of the ‘Mandapa’ and place the statue of goddess Radha made of gold or any other metal wrapped in two pieces of cloth. After that, goddess Radha should be worshipped in noon with complete dedication and devotion. Incense and lamp should be lighted while worshipping her. She should be offered ‘Bhoga’ in the end.

The people who want to observe fast can observe fast on this day. Ladies should be fed on the next day of fast. The statue which was placed in the ‘Mandapa’ should be given as alms. Food should be taken in the end. The people who observe this fast get rid of all the worldly sins.

Many epics tell the significance of combined worship of lord Krishna and goddess Radha on this day. According to this, goddess Radha should be adorned with jewels after giving her a bath of ‘Panchamrit’. Leaves of 27 trees and water of 27 wells should be collected on this day. The mixture of 1 and ¼ part of milk, curd, ghee, sugar and Tulsi leaves should be prepared. This mixture should be offered to the statue of ‘Radha Shyam’ along with the chants of Mantras.

Radhashtmi at various places

Radhashtmi in Braj

Radhasthmi is celebrated with zest and fervour like Janmashtmi in Braj. This festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Vrindavan. The devotees come to know about the reason of dedication of the people of Braj by observing this fast.

Radhashtmi in Barsana

This day is celebrated as a big festival in the temples of goddess Radha in Mathura, Vrindavan, Barsana, Rawal and Mant. The people of Goswami community in the ‘Radha Ballabh’ temple of Vrindavan rejoice the birth of goddess Radha. The vicinity of the temple is echoed with the chants of goddess Radha’s birth. The mixture of curd and turmeric is collected in the containers of the temple and this mixture is thrown on each other. The Goswamis when get this mixture on them start dancing with happiness.

The ‘Bhog’ of goddess Radha is distributed after the door of the temple is closed. After that, the ritual of sprinkling curd on each other starts. This finishes after the worship of goddess Radha. The coronation of her statue in the main sanctum of the temple takes place between 5:30am to 7:00 am. The ‘Mangla Aarti’ starts after this.

Radhashtmi in Vrindavan

On this day, goddess Radha is coranated in the temples like Radha Damodar, Radha Shyam Sundar, Krishna Balram and Radha Raman. The crowd of devotees are gathered at these temples from mornings.

Radhashtmi in Rawal

The large amount of milk, curd, sugar, honey and ghee is offered to Radhashyam temple in Rawal which is the birth place of goddess Radha. The ‘Prasada’ is distributed after this. A fair is organized in front of the temple. Lord Krishna is decorated as goddess Radha in the Keshavdev temple. Thousands of devotees take a round of Govardhan temple.

Radhaashtmi in Mant

The ‘Prasada’ is distributed among devotees on the day of Radhashtmi after the worship of goddess Radha. A ‘raslila’ is organized in Banke Bihari temple. The procession of Radha and Krishna is organized in Radha-Ballabh temple. Lord Krishna and goddess Radha are welcomed during the procession with the shower of flowers and devotional hymns by the devotees.

Companions of Radha

Religious epics contain the description of eight companions of goddess Radha along with her description. The Ashtsakhi temple of goddess Radha is very popular in Vrindavan. The name of the eight companions of goddess Radha are Lalita, Vishakha, Chitra, Indulekha, Champaklata, Rangdevi, Tungvidya and Sudevi.

Arti of Goddess Radha

Aarti Radha ji kee kije-2.
Krishna sang jo kare niwasa, Krishna kare jin par Vishwasha, Aarti Vrishbhanu lalli ke keeje,
Aarti Radha jee ke kije – 2.

Krishna chandra kee kare Sahai, Muh me aani roop dikahai, usi shakti ki aarti Keeje.
Aarti Radha jee ki kije – 2.

Nand Putra se Preeti badai, Jamuna tat par raas rachai, Aarti raas rasai kee keeje,
Aarti Radha jee ke keeje – 2.

Prem Rah jisne batlayee, nirgun bhakti nahi apnayee, Aarti! Sri Radha Jee ke Keeje.
Aarti Radha jee ke keeje – 2.

Duniya kee jo raksha karti, bhaktjano ke sab dukh harti, Aarti dukh harani ke keeje.
Aarti Radha jee ke keeje – 2.

Krishna Chandra ne prem badaya,  vipin beech mein raas rachaya, aarti Krishna priya ke keeje.
Aarti Radha jee ke keeje – 2.

Duniya kee jo janani kahave, nij putro ko dheer bandhave, aarti Jagat mata kee keeje.
Aarti Radha jee ke keeje – 2.

Nij putro ke kaaj savare, aarti gayak ke kasht nivare, aarti Vishwamaat ke keeje,
Aarti Radha jee ke keeje – 2.

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Saptami Fast Procedure and Story – Rath Saptami Fast Katha – Santan Saptami Vrat

saptami vrat

Saptami fast is observed on seventh date of Shukla Paksha of every month. This fast is specially for, conceiving a child, safety of child, and growth of child. Although, every month’s fast on Shukl Paksha is significant, but, fast of Saptami on Bhadrpad’s(sixth month of Hindu calender) Shukl Paksha has its own special significance.

Santan Saptami Vrata ( Fast) Procedure

The fast of Saptami is observed by mothers for their children. Mother observing this fast should take bath early in the morning and complete her routine work and wear clean clothes. After this, in the morning, she should worship Lord Vishnu and Shiva. And, should take the resolution of Saptami fast.

Keeping the Nirahar Vrat, in the afternoon, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati should be worshiped with Chauk Purkar Sandalwood, Akshat(rice used in worship), incense, small lamp, Prashad, betel nut and coconut etc.

In Saptami Tithi fast, Kheer, Puri and Pua of jaggery are prepared as Prasadam. Wishing for child’s safety, Lord Shiva is offered a red color thread. After offering it to God Shiva, the thread is worn and story related to fast is heard. The story of Saptami Tithi is as follows.

Story (Katha) of Saptami Vrata

An ancient legend is famous regarding the Saptami fast. As per this narration, once Lord Krishna told Yuddhistra “at some time, Lomash Rishi came to Mathura. My parents Devika and Vasudev, served him devotedly, then the Rishi ordered them to get over the grief of their sons, killed by Kansa”. Rishi said “Hey Devika!

Kansa killed many of your sons and gave you the sorrow of sons’ death. To be free from this pain, keep the fast of ‘Santan(child) Saptami’. King Nahusha’s queen, Chandramukhi, also kept this fast. Then, Chandramukhi’s children also did not die. Devika, this fast will also make you come out of the grief of sons’ death.”

Devika said, “O God! Please tell me the methods of observing this fast. So that I could complete it in a systematic way.” Lomash Rishi, explained her the procedure of worshiping and also narrated the story of fast.

Nahusha was a glorious king of Ayodhya. His wife’s name was Chandramukhi. In his kingdom, there lived a Brahman, named Vishnudat. His wife was Rupwati. Queen Chandramukhi and Rupwati had a good friendship. One day both of them went to take bath in river Sarayu. Other women were also having a bath at that place.The ladies, had made an idol of Shiva and Parvati there and worshiped them in a systematic way. Then, queen Chandrmukhi and Rupwati asked those ladies, the procedure and name of the Puja.

One of those ladies said “we worshiped Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. We tied a thread to Lord Shiva with a resolution that, we will observing this fast up till the time we are alive. This ‘Muktabhran Fast’ is the giver of happiness and child.”

After listening to the theme behind the fast, both the friends took the resolution of observing this fast for their lifetime and, tied a thread in name of God Shiva. But, after reaching home, they forgot the pledge. As a result, after death, queen was born as female monkey and Brahmani as a chicken.

Over the time, both of them left the animal form and were born as humans. Chandramukhi, became the queen of king Prithvinath, and, Rupwati was again born in a Brahman’s house. In this birth, queen’s name was Eshwari and Brahmani’s name was Bhushna. Bhushan was married to Rajpuohit(oldest Hindu Brahman), Agnimukhi. In this life also both the ladies had a very good friendship.

Because of forgetting about the fast, queen was deprived from the happiness of getting a child, in this life also. In mature state, she gave birth to a deaf and dumb son. But, he also died on becoming nine years old. Bhushna remembered about the Vrat, and gave birth to good looking and healthy eight sons.

As a gesture of sympathy, Bhusna went to meet queen Eshwari, who was in the grief of not getting son. Looking at Bhusna, envy grew in the mind of queen. After Bhusna’s departure, queen called her sons for a meal and added poison in their food. But, as a result of fast kept by Bhusna, nothing happened to her children.

By this, queen got more angry. She ordered her servants, to take Bhusna’s children at the bank of Yammuna with an excuse of Puja and through them in deep water. But, this time also, by the blessings of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, sons of Bhusana had no effect.

As a result, queen called executioners and ordered them to kill the Brahman sons at the slaughter place. But, they also got failed in their attempts. Listening this news, queen got surprised. She called Bhusna, narrated the whole story and asked for forgiveness. Then, she asked why weren’t her children dieing.

Bhusna said “don’t you remember the incident of past birth?” Queen got surprised and said “no I don’t remember.”

Then Bhusna said “listen, in our past birth, you were the wife of king Nahusha and i was your friend. Once, both of us had tied a thread in name of Lord Shiva and took a resolution that in whole of our life we will observe the fast of Saptami. But, unfortunately we forgot and neglected the fast. As a result, we took birth in different forms and then we were born as human. Now, I remembered about the Vrat, and so, started observing it. By its effect only, you could get by children killed.”

Hearing this, queen Eshwari also observed this fast, Muktabhran, in a systematic way to get a child. Then, by the grace of this Vrat, queen again became pregnant and gave birth to a beautiful child. From that time, for conceiving a child and his safety, this fast got popularity.

After listening to the story, in the evening Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are worshiped with incense, small lamp, flowers, fruits and Prasadm is offered. And, Lord Shiva’s Aarti should be recited,which is as follows.

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